- Department of Plant Breeding, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Film Extrusion of Crambe abyssinica/Wheat Gluten Blends
Gallstedt, Mikael; Pettersson, Henrik; Johansson, Therese; Newson, William R.; Johansson, Eva; Hedenqvist, Mikael S.
Crambe abyssinica is a plant with potential for use in industrial (non-food) plant oil production. The side stream from this oil production is ahigh-protein crambe meal that has limited value, as it is not fit for food or feed use. However, it contains proteins that could potentially makeit a suitable raw material for higher-value products. The purpose of this study was to find methods of making this side stream into extrudedfilms, showing that products with a higher value can be produced. The study mainly considered the development of material compositions andmethods of preparing and extruding the material. Wheat gluten was added as a supportive protein matrix material, together with glycerol as aplasticizer and urea as a denaturant. The extrudate was evaluated with respect to mechanical (tensile testing) and oxygen barrier properties,and the extrudate structure was revealed visually and by scanning electron microscopy. A denser, more homogeneous material had a loweroxygen transmission rate, higher strength, and higher extensibility. The most homogeneous films were made at an extruder die temperature of125-130 °C. It is shown here that a film can be extruded with promising mechanical and oxygen barrier properties, the latter especially after afinal compression molding step.
Bioengineering; Issue 119; Crambe meal; side stream; barrier; packaging; extrusion; gluten
Journal of Visualized Experiments
2017, Volume: 119, number: 119, article number: e54770
UKÄ Subject classification
Other Agricultural Sciences not elsewhere specified
Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials
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