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Research article2017Peer reviewed

Metabolomics Approach To Evaluate a Baltic Sea Sourced Diet for Cultured Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus L.)

Cheng, Ken; Mullner, Elisabeth; Moazzami, Ali A.; Carlberg, Hanna; Brannas, Eva; Pickova, Jana


Aqua feeds traditionally rely on fishmeal as a protein source, which is costly and unsustainable. A new feed was formulated in the study with Baltic Sea sourced decontaminated fishmeal, Mytilus edulis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and given to Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) for ten months. The diet-induced changes on metabolic profile in fish plasma, liver, and muscle were studied relative to a fishmeal-based standard diet by using a H-1 NMR-based metabolomics approach. Fish fed the test diet had higher content of betaine and lower levels of trimethylamine-N-oxide and aromatic amino acids in plasma or tissues, which were mainly caused by the diet. The metabolomics results are useful to understand the mechanism of lower body mass, smaller Fulton's condition factor, and a tendency of less lipid content observed in fish fed the test diet. Thus, modifications on the dietary levels of these compounds in the feed are needed to achieve better growth performance.


aromatic amino acids; Baltic Sea; betaine; metabolomics; myo-inositol; Mytilus edulis; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; trimethylamine-N-oxide

Published in

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
2017, Volume: 65, number: 24, pages: 5083-5090