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Forskningsartikel - Refereegranskat, 2006

Recolonisation and distribution of spiders and carabids in cereal fields after spring sowing

Oberg S, Ekbom B


Generalist predators are important for pest suppression during pest establishment because they may occur in the crop before and during pest arrival. However, different crop management practices can have a negative effect on predator populations. If so, there is a need for recolonisation by the predators to the crop fields. An important pest in Sweden is the bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi, which migrates to cereal fields in spring. In turn, many cereal fields are spring sown and thus are disturbed by harrowing and sowing a short time before aphid arrival. In this study, three different questions about the populations of spiders and carabids in spring cereal crops were asked. First, does sowing in spring have a negative effect on the predators present in the fields? Second, if sowing has a negative effect on predator populations, do they recolonise the fields before pest arrival? Third, how are the predators distributed in the fields? We found that most carabids and most lycosid spiders were not affected by sowing and were distributed uniformly in the fields after sowing. Most linyphiid spiders were negatively affected by sowing, but then they recolonised the fields and were uniformly distributed in the fields after recolonisation. Thus, many spiders and carabids are present in the fields after sowing in spring and have the opportunity to suppress aphids during their establishment phase, which in turn may prevent a possible outbreak

Publicerad i

Annals of Applied Biology
2006, Volym: 149, nummer: 2, sidor: 203-211

      SLU författare

    • Öberg, Sandra

      • Institutionen för entomologi, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
      • Ekbom, Barbara

        • Institutionen för entomologi, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet

      UKÄ forskningsämne

      Agricultural Science
      Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

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