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Forskningsartikel2018Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Methane and carbon dioxide fluxes from open and blocked ditches in a blanket bog

Green, Sophie M.; Baird, Andy J.; Evans, Chris D.; Peacock, Mike; Holden, Joseph; Chapman, Pippa J.; Smart, Richard P.

Sammanfattning

There is growing interest in how the rewetting of drained peatlands can restart their carbon (C) sink function. However, there are few studies on the effect of ditch blocking on the within-ditch C balance. For a UK blanket bog we assessed how methane (CH4) emissions, net ecosystem exchange (NEE), and the overall greenhouse gas (GHG) balance expressed as carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2-e) responded to ditch blocking.We conducted a fully replicated field trial on a blanket bog in the Upper Conwy catchment, North Wales, UK. Twelve parallel ditches, that ran approximately downslope, were investigated. Four were left open, four had peat dams installed at intervals of a few metres along their length, and four were partially infilled with peat (reprofiled) and dammed. For a period of four years after blocking, we measured peatland-atmosphere fluxes of CH4 and CO2 within the ditches.CH4 fluxes, NEE and overall GHG balance (expressed in terms of CO2-e) in the experimental area showed no evidence of varying systematically between the different types of ditch treatment (open, dammed, and reprofiled). In addition, there was little evidence that CH4 fluxes or CO2-e balance changed systematically with time since blocking.We found no evidence of consistent differences between blocking treatments in terms of CH4 emissions or overall CO2-e balance. There was high spatial and temporal variability in CO2 and CH4 fluxes within each treatment. We did not observe a post-blocking 'spike' in CH4 fluxes.

Nyckelord

Methane; Net ecosystemexchange; GHG balance; Ditch blocking; Blanket bog (peatland)

Publicerad i

Plant and Soil
2018, Volym: 424, nummer: 1-2, sidor: 619-638 Utgivare: SPRINGER

      UKÄ forskningsämne

      Jordbruksvetenskap

      Publikationens identifierare

      DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-017-3543-z

      Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)

      https://res.slu.se/id/publ/95055