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Forskningsartikel2018Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Sorption of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) to an organic soil horizon - Effect of cation composition and pH

Pereira, Hugo Campos; Ullberg, Malin; Kleja, Dan Berggren; Gustafsson, Jon Petter; Ahrens, Lutz


Accurate prediction of the sorption of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in soils is essential for environmental risk assessment. We investigated the effect of solution pH and calculated soil organic matter (SOM) net charge on the sorption of 14 PFASs onto an organic soil as a function of pH and added concentrations of Al3+, Ca2+ and Na+. Often, the organic C-normalized partitioning coefficients (K-OC) showed a negative relationship to both pH (Delta log K-OC/Delta pH = -0.32 +/- 0.11 log units) and the SOM bulk net negative charge (Delta log K-OC= -1.41 +/- 0.40 per log unit mol(c) g(_)1). Moreover, perfluorosulfonic acids (PFSAs) sorbed more strongly than perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) and the PFAS sorption increased with increasing perfiuorocarbon chain length with 0.60 and 0.83 log K-OC units per CF2 moiety for C-3-C-10 PFCAs and C-4, C-6, and C-8 PFSAs, respectively. The effects of cation treatment and SOM bulk net charge were evident for many PFASs with low to moderate sorption (C-5-C-8 PFCAs and C-6 PFSA). However for the most strongly sorbing and most long-chained PFASs (C-9-C-11 and C-13 PFCAs, C-8 PFSA and perfluorooctane sulfonamide (FOSA)), smaller effects of cations were seen, and instead sorption was more strongly related to the pH value. This suggests that the most long-chained PFASs, similar to other hydrophobic organic compounds, are preferentially sorbed to the highly condensed domains of the humin fraction, while shorter-chained PFASs are bound to a larger extent to humic and fulvic acid, where cation effects are significant. (C) 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (


Soil-water partitioning; PFOS; PFOA; Surface net charge; Geochemical modeling; Visual MINTEQ

Publicerad i

2018, Volym: 207, sidor: 183-191