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Research article2019Peer reviewed

Structure analysis of beta-glucan in barley and effects of wheat beta-glucanase

De Arcangelis, Elisa; Djurle, Susanne; Andersson, Annica A. M.; Marconi, Emanuele; Messia, Maria Cristina; Andersson, Roger


In this study, beta-glucan in samples of sifted flour from six barley varieties was sequentially extracted with water and NaOH obtaining three fractions: water-extractable (WE), NaOH- extractable (NaE) and residual (Res). beta-Glucan isolates were incubated with lichenase and oligomers released were analysed with high performance anion exchange chromatography coupled with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD). A higher ratio of 3-O-beta-cellobiosyl-D-glucose (DP3) to 3-O-beta-cellotriosyl-D-glucose (DP4) is reported in WE, NaE and Res fractions in variety SLU 7 (shrunken endosperm) compared to the other varieties, suggesting a more packed beta-glucan structure. Water-extractable and water-unextractable beta-glucan fractions were incubated with wheat extract and effects of wheat beta-glucanase on the structure was assessed after lichenase digestion and analysis with HPAEC-PAD. Findings suggest that wheat beta-glucanase manifests a selective hydrolysis towards beta-glucan with lower DP3/DP4 ratio and that beta-glucan of SLU 7 is composed of a population with higher DP3/DP4 ratio and hence with a more tighten structure which may be more resistant to enzymic action. Overall, the results obtained are of interest to characterise barleys differing in starch and dietary fibre composition, specifically shrunken endosperm barley SLU 7 in the perspective of its inclusion in the production of beta-glucan enriched foods.


Barley; beta-Glucan; beta-Glucanase; Oligosaccharides

Published in

Journal of Cereal Science
2019, Volume: 85, pages: 175-181