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Forskningsartikel2019Vetenskapligt granskadÖppen tillgång

Shade trees decrease pest abundances on brassica crops in Kenya

Guenat, Solene; Kaartinen, Riikka; Jonsson, Mattias

Sammanfattning

Agroforestry practices may mitigate the current loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services due to deforestation and agricultural intensification. To examine the effects of agroforestry on the ecosystem service of pest regulation, we assessed pest abundances and biological control potential in shaded and open kale (Brassica oleracea L. acephala) fields in Western Kenya. Specifically, we compared the abundance of pest aphids and caterpillars, ground-dwelling ants, spiders and predatory beetles, and examined aphid parasitism rates, predation rates on diamondback moth eggs, attack rates on surrogate caterpillars and bird predation on aphids. Shade trees effectively reduced abundances of aphids, caterpillars and increased abundances of spiders and predatory beetles, but neither affected ant abundances, or predation and parasitism rates. Our results suggest that presence of shade trees can decrease pest abundances, but that this is not only due to improved biological control by natural enemies but also due to microclimatic conditions affecting pest performance and bottom-up processes such as changes in plant quality and soil conditions. We encourage studies exploring simultaneously how top-down and bottom-up processes affect pest regulation in agroforestry settings.

Nyckelord

Agroforestry; Aphids; Pest control; Brassica olearacea var; acephala; Parasitism; Predation

Publicerad i

Agroforestry Systems
2019, Volym: 93, nummer: 2, sidor: 641-652
Utgivare: SPRINGER

      SLU författare

    • Associerade SLU-program

      SLU Nätverk växtskydd

      Globala målen

      SDG15 Ekosystem och biologisk mångfald

      UKÄ forskningsämne

      Jordbruksvetenskap

      Publikationens identifierare

      DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-017-0159-5

      Permanent länk till denna sida (URI)

      https://res.slu.se/id/publ/99305