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Book chapter2023Peer reviewedOpen access

Ecological restoration of boreal forest in Fennoscandia

Hjältén, Joakim; Kouki, Jari; Tolvanen, Anne; et al.


Mixed-severity disturbances have historically shaped boreal forests, creating a dynamic mosaic landscape. In Fennoscandia, however, intensive even-aged forest management has simplified the forest landscape, threatening biodiversity. To safeguard this biodiversity, we therefore need to restore structural complexity in hitherto managed forests. Knowledge generated from relevant case studies on natural disturbance emulation–based ecological restoration suggests that prescribed burning positively affects many early-successional organisms. Gap cutting benefits some insects and wood fungi but has a limited effect on birds, bryophytes, and vascular plants. Restoration of deciduous forests appears to benefit light- and deciduous tree–associated insect species and some forest birds.

Published in

Advances in Global Change Research
2023, number: 74, pages: 467-489
Title: Boreal Forests in the Face of Climate Change : Sustainable Management
ISBN: 978-3-031-15987-9, eISBN: 978-3-031-15988-6
Publisher: Springer

      SLU Authors

    • Associated SLU-program

      SLU Plant Protection Network
      SLU Forest Damage Center

      Sustainable Development Goals

      SDG15 Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

      UKÄ Subject classification

      Forest Science

      Publication identifier


      Permanent link to this page (URI)