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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2008

Alkylresorcinols in Wheat Varieties in the HEALTHGRAIN Diversity Screen

Andersson, Annica A. M.; Kamal-Eldin, Afaf; Fras, Anna; Boros, Danuta; Aman, Per

Abstract

The contents of alkylresorcinols (AR) were analyzed in 131 winter wheats, 20 spring wheats, 10 durum wheats, 5 spell wheats, and 10 early cultivated forms of wheat (5 diploid einkorn and 5 tetraploid emmer), which are part of the HEALTHGRAIN diversity screen. AR were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC), which provides both total contents and relative homologue compositions, as well as with a Fast Blue colorimetric method that provides only total contents but which is fast and easily screens a large number of samples. There was considerable variation in the total AR content analyzed with GC: winter wheat (220-652 mu g/g of dm), spring wheat (254-537 mu g/g of dm), durum wheat (194-531 mu g/g of dm), spelt (490-741 mu g/g of dm), einkorn (545-654 mu g/g of dm), and emmer wheat (531-714 mu g/g of dm). The relative AR homologue composition was different for different types of wheat, with a C17:0 to C21:0 ratio of 0.1 for winter, spring, and spelt wheats, 0.04 for einkorn and emmer wheat, and 0.01 for durum wheat. The total AR content analyzed with the Fast Blue method was lower than that analyzed with GC but there was a good correlation between the two methods (R-2 = 0.76).

Keywords

Alkylresorcinols; wheat; wholegrain; biomarker

Published in

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
2008, Volume: 56, number: 21, pages: 9722-9725
Publisher: AMER CHEMICAL SOC